What is a cataract?
A cataract is the gradual clouding of the part of your eye known as the crystalline lens. Cataract formation occurs at different rates and can affect one or both of your eyes at the same time. A cataract is not a foreign body in the eye nor a growth of any sort nor a film over the eye.
How do I know if I have a cataract?
Most cataracts are found during routine eye examinations by the ophthalmologist. Persons over 40 should have their eyes checked approximately every two years. Examinations performed before the lens is entirely clouded give valuable information about the back of the eye. If a cataract does develop, the ophthalmologist will have a better idea of how surgery can improve vision.
Why do cataracts form?
This clouding is usually due to the aging process but can also be caused by eye trauma, heredity, diabetes, and even some medications. Whatever the cause, cataracts typically result in blurring of eyesight, especially in bright light; visual distortion when reading (e.g., inability to distinguish between letters); brighter and clearer vision in one eye.
Fortunately, with modern medical technology, your cataract can be treated safely and effectively through the use of microsurgical techniques. Cataract surgery is one of the most successful surgical procedures performed today. The procedure involves the surgical removal of the clouded lens and its replacement with a synthetic, crystal clear intraocular lens (IOL). The IOL is permanent and provides natural peripheral vision and good depth perception.
Many factors, including the presence of a poorly-dilating pupil, mature cataract, floppy iris, scarring, intraocular inflammation, traumatic changes, and pseudoexfoliation, convert routine cataract surgery into a complex procedure. It is crucial that such operations are performed by surgeons who are well-trained and experienced in performing such difficult procedures.
The patient enters the surgical center and goes home the same day. The procedure itself usually takes less than 15-30 minutes and causes minimal discomfort. The performing such difficult procedures. All doctors at Soll Eye are of the highest caliber and are all Board Certified Ophthalmologists. Most often, the patient enters the hospital or surgical center and goes home the same day.
Stephen M. Soll, MD, FACS was one of the first ophthalmologists on the east coast to introduce a new intraocular lens implant to correcting astigmatism during cataract surgery. The physicians of Soll Eye are all highly trained in cataract surgery. Our cataract surgeons, including Dr. Markovitz, Dr. Driver, and Dr. Doych are experienced in managing routine and complex cataract surgical procedures.
Intraocular Lens (IOL) options
During standard cataract surgery, an opacified natural lens is removed and replaced with an artificial lens (intraocular lens implant, i.e., IOL). There are multiple options for the choice of the intraocular lens to be used in the procedure. Most people receive a monofocal IOL, which allows one to see clearly far away, while others may be candidates for special lenses that can correct astigmatism as well as improve intermediate and near vision. The discussion with regards to the implant options takes place during the cataract surgery evaluation with an ophthalmologist.
The following short video demonstrates available intraocular lens implant options.